What is Fungus or Fungi?
Fungi are organisms that cause skin infections. There are different types of fungal infections that can appear appear on different parts of the body. Athlete’s foot, jock itch, ringworm and yeast infections (candidiasis) are examples of a fungus. Common symptoms include: a raised rash, itching, flaking, peeling or cracking skin.
Fungal infections may result from a variety of conditions. Some people are more likely to get an infection based on risk factors such as:
- People who have depressed immune systems from medications, steroids, other infections or illnesses
- People taking long-term antibiotics or immunosuppressant drugs
- People or babies who are incontinent or unable to hold their urine (this creates a moist genital environment)
- People who perspire heavily
- Individuals who work or spend time in an environment where they come in contact with people who are at high risk, such as nurses, school teachers, hospitalized patients, students and coaches.
Types of Fungal Infections Are:
Athlete’s foot, also called tinea pedis, is a fungal infection of the foot. It causes peeling, redness, itching, burning, and sometimes blisters and sores. Athlete’s foot is a very common infection. The fungus grows best in a warm, moist environment such as shoes, socks, swimming pools, locker rooms, and the floors of public showers.
Jock itch, also called tinea cruris, is a common skin infection that is caused by a type of fungus called tinea. The fungus thrives in warm, moist areas of the body and as a result, infection can affect the genitals, inner thighs, and buttocks. Infections occur more frequently in the summer or in warm, wet climates.
Ringworm, also called tinea corporis, is not a worm, but a fungal infection of the skin. It can appear anywhere on the body and it looks like a circular, red, flat sore. It is often accompanied by scaly skin. The outer part of the sore can be raised while the skin in the middle appears normal.
Yeast infections of the skin are called cutaneous candidiasis and are caused by yeast-like fungi called candida. They occur when yeast on the skin grows more actively and causes a red, scaling, itchy rash on the skin. Yeast infections are not contagious.
Topical antifungal medications are creams, solutions, lotions, powders, gels, sprays applied to the skin surface to treat fungal infections. They can often cure localized infections, although recurrence is common. Many suitable creams can be obtained over the counter without a doctor’s prescription. ClearlyDerm can also prescription strength creams.