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What is Rosacea?

rosaceaRosacea is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition which principally affects the face. Rosacea causes facial redness and produces small, red, pus-filled pustules (bumps). It is typically found on the cheeks, forehead, chin and nose. Rosacea worsens with time if left untreated. It typically affects more women than men.It is often mistaken for acne or eczema, or some other skin allergy.

The cause(s) of rosacea is currently unknown. Related factors such as abnormalities in facial blood vessels, light skin color, microscopic mite, family history, and H.pylori bacteria. Some factors can aggravate Rosacea such as hot foods and drinks, caffeine, spicy foods, humidity, saunas and corticosteroids.

Treating Rosacea

  • Topical Medications
    These help reduce inflammation and redness and are applied to the skin either once or twice a day. They are commonly used in combination with some oral medications. Antibiotics (metronidazole), tretinoin, benzoyl peroxide and azelaic acid are examples of commonly prescribed topical medications.
  • Oral Antibiotics
    For the treatment of rosacea, oral antibiotics are prescribed more for the anti-inflammatory properties. Oral antibiotics tend to give faster results than topical ones. Examples include tetracycline, minocycline and erythromycin.
  • Laser treatment
    With patients with visible blood vessels (telangiectasia), laser treatments, which use intense pulsed light, may shrink the vessels.

There is no cure for rosacea. However, there are various treatments which can relieve the signs and symptoms. The dermatology team at ClearlyDerm will help you determine which treatment method is best for you.